Oklahoma Offender Population
Incarcerated Offenders Demographics
Of the state’s 25,478 incarcerated offenders (which excludes county jail backup), 53.6% are white and 46.8% are non-white.
The controlling or major offense of half of Oklahoma’s incarcerated offenders is a non-violent crime.
The average age of incarcerated offenders is 37.6. Compared to the state’s general population, the U.S. Census Bureau reports Caucasians are 72.2% of the state’s population; African Americans represents 7.4% of the state’s population.
Crime Type of Incarcerated Offenders
Ethnicity of Incarcerated Offenders
Gender of Incarcerated Offenders
Probation Clients Demographics
The majority of the state’s 21,629 probation clients are primarily white and male.
The majority of probation clients committed nonviolent crimes.
The average age of probation clients is 35.8.
Crime Type of Probation Clients
Ethnicity of Probation Clients
Gender of Probation Clients
Parole Client Demographics
The majority of the state’s 3,300 parole clients are primarily white and male.
The majority of parole clients committed non-violent crimes.
The average age of parole clients is 44.5.
Crime Type of Parole Clients
Ethnicity of Parole Clients
Gender of Parole Clients
Receptions and Releases, Fiscal Year 2002 – Fiscal Year 2011
The following tables show the 10 year trend of offender receptions and releases. Receptions are convicted felons taken into custody of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections.
Offender Prison Receptions by Violent vs. Non-Violent, Fiscal Year Comparison - FY 2002 to FY2011
Offender Prison Releases by Type, Fiscal Year Comparison - FY 2002 to FY2011
|Fiscal Year||Paroled||Split Sentence-Probation||Street|
Offender Population: Incarcerated, Receptions and Releases - FY 2003 to FY 2011
Note: Population numbers are based on Department of Corrections Weekly Population Analysis, and the receptions and releases are based on data extracted from the Offender Management System.
Yearly Offender Growth Trends
The table below shows the comparison of the state’s offender population with receptions and releases.
|Fiscal Year||Total Sentenced Offenders||DOC Facilities||Contract Beds||Out and |
includes offenders in hospitals, in transit to courts, GPS and other electronic monitoring, and other community programs.
Offenders sentenced to Life Without Parole represent 2.9% of the total offender population.
FY 2011 Incarcerated Offenders with Life Without Parole Controlling Offense Types
FY 2011 Incarcerated Offenders Serving >50 Years for a Controlling Offense
FY 2011 Incarcerated Offenders with Life Controlling Offense Types
County Jail Backup
Offenders sentenced by the court to the Oklahoma Department of Corrections are housed in county jails until actual reception into department custody.
Financial responsibility for offender housing costs shifts from the county to the Oklahoma Department of Corrections upon court sentencing.
The daily charge to the Department by the counties for this service is set by statute and is currently set at $27 plus all medical costs. Currently three private facilities in this state have contracts to provide medium and maximum security beds to the Oklahoma Department of Corrections.
The tables below illustrate the jail backup bed growth since the end of FY 2000. The number of offenders as part of the county jail backup population has been trending upwards since FY 2000.
Jail Backup Count Population
|Fiscal Year||Jail Backup Count Population|
Money Paid to Counties for Per Diem and Medical
|Fiscal Year||Money Paid to Counties for Per Diem and Medical|
Contract Bed Space
Oklahoma began contracting for private prison bed space with Oklahoma private prison facilities in April 1996.
Currently three private facilities in this state have contracts to provide maximum and medium security beds to the Oklahoma Department of Corrections.
The increased use of contract prison beds to accommodate net offender growth has resulted in expenditure growth beyond the agency’s appropriated resources. To meet this cost growth, numerous facility infrastructure, technology, vehicle replacements, programmatic and staffing needs have been chronically deferred, reduced in scope, or reallocated.
Private Prison Expenditures (FY2004 TO FY2011)
|Fiscal Year||Private Prison Expenditures|
Halfway House Expenditures (FY2004 TO FY2011)
|Fiscal Year||Halfway House Expenditures|